Frequently Asked Questions

You can book tickets online upto 60 days before the planned travel date. This may vary for special trains.
Well, normally the final chart for the train is prepared 4 hours before the scheduled departure. Online booking is possible fill the final chart is prepared. Please note that in case of early morning trains Indian Railway prepare the charts the night before the train’s scheduled departure.
Even though your ticket does not reflect a seat/berth no. or the coach no., your ticket is confirmed. In some cases, especially Executive class or AC First class, Indian Railways assigns a seat only when the final chart is prepared. Once you reach the platform, please make sure to look at the chart you will find your name with the assigned seat/berth no. or the coach no.
Indian Railways allows you to book tickets for maximum six passengers. However, in case you are Tatkal booking, you can book tickets for maximum four passengers.

Original copy of any one of the following is an acceptable proof of identity :

Driving license
PAN card
Voter’s ID card
Photo ID card issued by central or state government to their employees.

For a group traveling together, the lead passenger needs to carry the photo-id card. Please note you need to make sure to carry the original copy of the above mentioned documents. Photocopy of the documents will not be accepted and if caught without the original copy of any of the above mentioned documents, it will be considered as traveling without ticket.

Below is a brief description of the different classes available on the trains:

1A – AC First Class : Air conditioned accommodation with isolated/ lockable compartments of 2-4 berths with linen, blanket and attendant service for catering. Executive class in Shatabdi type trains is also considered 1A.
2A – AC 2 Tier : Air conditioned accommodation with isolated compartments (not lockable but with a curtain) with 2-4 berths.
3A – AC 3 Tier : Air-conditioned sleeper class with 6 berths in each compartment (3 on each side). During daytime the middle birth on each side is folded up to allow sitting on the lower berth.
3E – AC 3 Tier Economy : Introduced from 1st Oct 2009, this class is designated for the coaches, which have additional berth in side section (SM type – Side Middle). This type of Air-conditioned accommodation is created for economically weak section of people, who wish to travel in AC 3-tier for lesser price.
FC – First Class : Similar to 1A but non-air-conditioned.
CC – AC Chair Car : Air conditioned with cushioned/reclining seats.
SL – Sleeper : Similar to 3A but non-air-conditioned.
2S – Second Sitting : Second class sitting with wooden benches to sit.

RAC or Reservation Against Cancellation means that you have an assured seat but your seat number has not been allocated yet. Once other people cancel their ticket you will be assigned a seat number. If you are holding an RAC ticket, you can always board the train as there are always some unallocated seats in the train. RAC tickets are sold after general category tickets are over. A Wait List (WL) is started after the designated quota for R.A.C. is exhausted.
Go to click on PNR Status page and enter your PNR number.

When all the available seats on a train are sold, the system releases RAC (Reservation Against Cancellation). Once all the RAC quota is exhausted, WL (Waitlist) Tickets are released.

1. WL#/ WL# - Waitlisted: You cannot board the Train

2. WL#/RAC# - RAC: You can board the train but may have to share a berth.

3. WL#/CNF - Confirmed: Here you can board the train with confirmed berth.

Note: Even after Chart Preparations (soon before train departure) if seats are available, RAC/WL candidates can be assigned seats.

a complete list of PNR status codes:

CNF/Confirmed: Confirmed Booking. In some cases, Coach/Seat/Berth number will be available after chart preparation.

RAC: Reservation Against Cancellation. Indian railways sell a small number of seats in each class after a train is fully booked as ‘Reservation Against Cancellation’ (RAC). These tickets get confirmed only when someone cancels their seats before the departure date. Even if no one cancels, you can still board the train as an RAC ticket holder and travel without a seat. You can check the reservation list at the station notice board on the day of travel to see if you’ve been assigned a confirmed seat/berth.

R##: RAC Coach No., Berth No. RAC, with two numbers, is displayed, first one is Coach No. and the other is Berth No.

WL#: Waitlist. Your ticket has not been confirmed for the given date. In the case of an e-ticket, there is automatic cancellation after the chart is prepared.

RLWL#: Remote Location WaitList. These are wait listed tickets issued by stations in the middle of and for part travels. Every train consists of a number of Remote Location Quotas, each with a fixed number of seats reserved. When the Source station of the passenger is one of these marked stations or some stations after that, the RLWL quota is applicable on the reservations. This has a fewer number of seats compared to GNWL.

CK#: Tatkal (Priority) Booking. You can book a Tatkal ticket 72 hours prior to travelling. You will find the confirmed seat and coach number.

CKWL#: Waiting under the Tatkal Booking. When a Tatkal waiting is confirmed, you get a confirmed personal seat. Where as if general reservation, your ticket moves in the RAC category.

GNWL#: General Waiting List. A ticket with GNWL is issued when the Source station of the passenger is the Source station of the train or one of the stations near to it. This quota has the highest number of seats in any given train and the highest probability of getting confirmed at the time of final chart. You cannot board a train. If booked from a station, you can travel in the general compartment.

PQWL#: Pooled Quota Wait List. Waiting for status when a ticket is booked through a Railway Quota. Pooled Quota is kept for a very important sub-route within the full route. If the sub-route is popular and deserves its own quota. Usually, this will be from originating station and nearby stations to a popular town other than the destination that comes en route. This has fewer seats as compared to GNWL, thus a lesser probability for confirmation.

REGRET/WL: No More Booking Permitted. This appears when no more booking are allowed.

CAN/MOD: Ticket is Cancelled or Modified. Ticket has been modified or cancelled after the initial booking.

Released: Ticket is not confirmed in the given berth, but an alternative berth is provided.

Below is the list of train types:

Metro Trains: These trains are equipped with latest technologies and facilities. It currently runs in few metro cities of India like Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata. Such metro trains are in demand and government had planned its expansion in other metro cities as well. Metro Rail tickets do not generate unique PNR number because one can not reserve a seat in these trains. These are moderate in speed and generally, runs on their scheduled time.

Suburban Locals: They run only in few big Indian cities like Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai. These are also examples of trains for which seat reservation is not possible and hence one cannot get PNR status for tickets. These are further divided into slow locals and fast locals. Slow locals halt on every station while the fast ones halt only on main important stations.

Passenger Trains: Passenger trains can also be further classified into slow and fast passenger trains. They run between important small distanced cities.Slow passenger trains have halts at every single station in between their route. Reserved tickets are not available and hence no train PNR status.

Express & Super-fast Express: These trains are relatively faster than the above mentioned. They run across long distances and one can book a reserved ticket on these trains. As tickets are reserved, booking system generates unique ten digit PNR number on each ticket to identify the traveller. PNR status checking facility is made available for non-reserved train tickets.

Shatabdi and Jan Shatabdi Express Trains: These are high-speed trains available in Indian Railway to connect moderate distanced important stations. They do not have sleeper coaches, only seater. The main difference between Shatabdi and Janshatabdi trains is that Janshatabdi trains have both AC and non AC coaches while Shatabdi trains are fully air-conditioned.

Garib Rath: These trains have AC 3 tier coaches and the ticket price is relatively lower than the other air conditioned trains. One can check PNR status of Garib Rath at

Rajdhani Express: These are fully air conditioned trains, connecting to major cities in India. They are high priority trains and generally run on their scheduled time. They have very few stops in between their route. Seat reservation facility is available on these trains.

Duronto Express: These are -source to destination train service started recently by Indian Railway. From source to destination means, these trains do not stop at any station that comes on their route.

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